Correction and Retraction

Journal Math-UMB.EDU takes the responsibility of maintaining the integrity and completeness of the scientific record of our content for all end users very seriously. Changes to articles after they have been published online may only be made in the circumstances described below. This journal attaches great importance to article authority once published and our policies are based on best practices in the academic publishing community.

A typographical error is a statement by the author of the original paper that briefly describes any corrections resulting from an error or omission. Any effect on the conclusion of the paper should be noted. Corrected articles are not removed from the online journal, but an erratum notice is given. Writing errors are freely available to all readers and are linked to corrected articles.

Revocation is a notification that the paper should not be considered part of the scientific literature. A retraction is granted if there is clear evidence that the findings are unreliable, this could be due to an honest mistake or error; if the findings have previously been published elsewhere without proper reference, permission or justification; if the work is plagiarized; or if the work reports on unethical research. To protect the integrity of records, retracted articles are not removed from the online journal, but a notice of retraction is provided, freely available to all readers, and linked to the retracted article. Revocations may be issued by authors when they have discovered a substantial scientific error; in other cases, the Editor or Publisher may conclude that the revocation is appropriate. In all cases, the revocation indicates the reasons for the action and who is responsible for the decision. If the revocation is carried out without the unanimous consent of the author, it is also noted. In rare and extreme cases involving violation of the law, Publishers may edit or delete articles. Bibliographic information about articles will be retained to ensure the integrity of the scientific record.

Publisher's Note notifies readers that the article has been revised after publication. It is published by the Publisher and is used in cases where a typo or production error (which is the Publisher's fault) affects the integrity of the metadata of the article (such as title, author list or byline) or will significantly affect the reader's ability to understand the article. The original article was deleted and replaced with a corrected version. Publisher's Notes is available free of charge to all readers. Minor errors that do not affect the metadata integrity or the reader's ability to understand the article and which do not involve scientific errors or omissions will be corrected at the discretion of the Publisher.

In such a case, the original article is deleted and replaced with a corrected version. The date the correction was made is noted on the corrected article. Authors should also be aware that original articles may only be removed and replaced with corrected versions less than one year after the original publication date. Corrections to articles that have a publication date of more than one year will only be documented by Publisher's Notes.

The following guidelines can also help: COPE Guidelines for Retracting Articles