The Scientific Journal of Avicenna (pISSN: 1978-0664) and (eISSN: 2654-3249) are journals published alongside synthesis publications. This statement clarifies the ethical behavior of all parties involved in the act of posting articles in this journal, including authors, editor-in-chief, Editorial Board, peer-reviewed and publishers. This statement is based on COPE's Guidelines for Best Practice for Journal Editors.

Ethical Guidelines for Journal Publication

The publication of an article in the peer-reviewed Scientific Journal of Avicenna is an important building block in the development of a coherent and respected network of knowledge. This is a direct reflection of the quality of the work of the authors and the institutions that support them. Peer-reviewed articles support and embody the scientific method. It is therefore important to agree on standards of ethical behavior expected of all parties involved in publishing: authors, journal editors, peer reviewers, publishers, and the public.

Synthesis Publications as the publisher of Avicenna Scientific Journal takes its duties as representative for all stages of publishing very seriously, and we are aware of our ethical and other responsibilities. We are committed to ensuring that advertising, reprint, or additional commercial revenue does not impact or influence editorial decisions. In addition, synthesis publications and the Editorial Board will assist in communication with other journals and publishers where this is useful and necessary

Publication decisions

The Scientific Journal Editor Avicenna is responsible for deciding which of the articles submitted to the journal should be published. The validation of the work in question and its importance to researchers and readers should always drive such decisions. Editors can be guided by the policies of the journal's editorial board and limited by the legal requirements that will apply regarding defamation, copyright infringement, and plagiarism. Editors may confer with other editors or reviewers in making this decision


An editor at all times evaluates manuscripts for their intellectual content regardless of the author's race, gender, sexual orientation, religious beliefs, ethnic origin, nationality, or political philosophy.


Editors and any editorial staff may not disclose any information about the submitted manuscript to anyone other than the appropriate authors, reviewers, potential reviewers, other editorial advisors and publishers, as appropriate 

Disclosure and conflicts of interest

Unpublished material disclosed in the submitted manuscript may not be used in the editor's research without the written consent of the author.


Task of the reviewer (editor)

Contribution to Editorial Decisions

Peer reviews assist editors in making editorial decisions and through editorial communication with authors can also assist authors in improving papers.


Any elect who feels ineligible to review the research reported in a manuscript or knows that a quick review is not possible should notify the editor and excuse himself from the review process.


Any manuscripts received for review must be treated as confidential documents. They may not be shown or discussed with others except as permitted by the editor.

Standard of Objectivity

Reviews must be conducted objectively. Personal criticism of the author is inappropriate. Referees must express their views clearly with supporting arguments.

Source Acknowledgment

The reviewer must identify relevant published works that have not been cited by the author. Any statement that reported observations, derivations, or arguments must be accompanied by an appropriate citation. The reviewer should also call the editor's attention about any substantial similarities or overlaps between the manuscript under consideration and any other published papers that have personal knowledge.

Disclosure and Conflicts of Interest

Privileged information or ideas obtained through peer review must be kept confidential and not used for personal gain. Reviewers should not consider manuscripts in which they have a conflict of interest arising from competition, collaboration, or other relationships or connections with any of the authors, companies, or institutions to which the paper is linked


Author's Duty

Reporting standards

The author of the original research report must present an accurate report of the work performed as well as an objective discussion of its significance. The underlying data must be represented accurately in the paper. A paper should contain sufficient detail and references to allow others to replicate the work. False or intentionally inaccurate statements are unethical and unacceptable behavior.

Data Access and Retention

Authors are asked to provide raw data with respect to the paper for editorial review, and must be prepared to provide public access to that data (consistent with the ALPSP-STM Statement on Data and Databases), if practicable, and should, in every event, be prepared to retain such data for a reasonable time after publication.

Originality and Plagiarism

Authors must ensure that they have written completely original acts and if the authors have used the work, or words of others that have been appropriately quoted or cited

Multiple, Redundant, or Concurrent Publication

An author may not, in general, publish manuscripts depicting essentially the same research in more than one journal or major publication. Submitting the same paper simultaneously to more than one journal is unethical and unacceptable publishing behavior

Source Acknowledgment

True recognition of the work of others must always be given. Authors should cite publications that have been influential in determining the nature of the work being reported.

Paper Craft

Authorities should be limited to those who have made a significant contribution to the conception, design, implementation or interpretation of the reported research. All those who have made significant contributions must be listed as co-authors. Where others have participated in certain substantive aspects of the research project, they must be recognized or registered as contributors. Corresponding authors must ensure that all appropriate co-authors and no inappropriate co-authors are included on paper and that all co-authors have viewed and approved the final version of the article and have agreed to its submission for publication

Fundamental errors in published work

When an author discovers significant errors or inaccuracies in his self-published work, it is the author's obligation to immediately notify the journal editor or publisher and work with the editor to retract or correct the paper.